Updated: 07/01/2014 7:45 AM
Created: 06/30/2014 9:49 PM WHEC.com
With temperatures approaching 90 degrees or higher Tuesday, Rural/Metro Medical Services has some safety tips to help you avoid extreme heat illnesses.
Tips for Preventing Heat-Related Illness
• Drink plenty of fluids, water is recommended. Avoid alcohol and large amounts of sugar.
• Stay cool by using fans, air conditioners and stay indoors. If possible utilize shopping malls and library if your home does not have air conditioners
• Wear loose fitting, light-colored clothing
• Check on infants, young children, disabled and population aged 65 and older
(at risk population)
• Limit your exposure to the heat
• Don’t leave children or pets in cars
• Recognize the signs and symptoms of heat stroke and heat exhaustion
Heat stroke signs vary but may include the following:
• An extremely high body temperature (above 103°F, orally)
• Red, hot, and dry skin (no sweating)
• Rapid, strong pulse
• Throbbing headache
You may be dealing with a life-threatening emergency if you see any of these signs. Call 911 while you begin cooling the victim.
Do the following:
• Remove the victim from the heat source and rapidly cool the victim. Examples: immerse the victim in a tub of cool water; place the person in a cool shower; spray the victim with cool water from a garden hose; sponge the person with cool water, wrap the victim in a cool, wet sheet and fan him or her vigorously.
• Do not give the victim fluids to drink.
Heat exhaustion includes the following signs and symptoms:
• Heavy sweating
• Muscle cramps
• Nausea or vomiting
Cooling measures for heat exhaustion can be done by doing the following:
• Intake cool, nonalcoholic beverages
• Cool shower, bath, or sponge bath
• Removal from heated environment and go to an air-conditioned environment
• Lightweight clothing
• Cool off using a swimming pool
Call 911 or seek medical attention if you are having these symptoms or if are unsure.